“Blue Zone” is a time period for areas of the world the place folks are inclined to stay longer lives, typically reaching as much as age 90 and even age 100 and past (1).

At the moment, there are 5 identified Blue Zones. They’re:

  • Okinawa, Japan
  • Icaria, Greece
  • Sardinia, Italy
  • Nicoya, Costa Rica
  • Loma Linda, California

Analysis reveals that whereas growing older is influenced by your genes and may range from individual to individual, exterior elements can tremendously have an effect on how lengthy you reside. These could embody weight loss program, way of life, stress, and social setting (2, 3, 4, 5).

Although these Blue Zones are scattered all around the world, their diets and life share some similarities.

For instance, folks in these areas are inclined to train extra and eat numerous greens, nuts, complete grains, and legumes.

This text evaluations the diets of every Blue Zone area.

Okinawa is a area on a gaggle of islands referred to as the Ryukyu Islands within the south of Japan.

The Okinawa diet refers back to the consuming sample its residents historically comply with. Okinawans are among the many world’s longest dwelling folks. The weight loss program is low in energy but dense in vitamins (1, 6, 7, 8).

It’s primarily a plant-based weight loss program that facilities on the staple candy potato, leafy greens, yellow root greens, soy, and low glycemic index (GI) grains — those that don’t spike your blood sugar ranges (6).

By prioritizing these meals, the Okinawa weight loss program is wealthy in nutritional vitamins and minerals. It’s additionally full of antioxidants, which assist struggle free radicals and cut back the danger of age-related persistent ailments (6).

Whereas the Okinawa weight loss program shouldn’t be strictly vegetarian, folks eat animal-based meals sparingly. The identical is true of processed meals and sweets.

Right here’s an inventory of staple meals to eat and meals to keep away from when following a standard Okinawan weight loss program (6).

Meals to eat

  • Greens: Okinawan candy potato, bitter melon, bamboo shoots, cabbage, white radish, Chinese language okra, pumpkin, carrots, and burdock
  • Legumes: primarily soy and soy merchandise, akin to tofu, miso, and natto
  • Grains: millet, noodles, and rice
  • Meats and poultry: lean cuts of pork, hen, and sometimes goat
  • Fish and sea greens: fish, algae, kelp, and different seaweed
  • Condiments: turmeric and numerous herbs and spices as a substitute of salt

Meals to keep away from

  • Dairy: milk, yogurt, cheese, and butter
  • Meats and poultry: beef, processed or cured meats, and eggs
  • Different: cooking oils, fruits, sweets, nuts, and seeds

To get the perfect out of the standard Okinawan candy potato, do that recipe for baked purple sweet potato fries.


The Okinawa weight loss program is primarily plant based mostly. It’s low in energy however wealthy in vitamins. Its staple meals is the Okinawan candy potato, together with soy merchandise and low GI grains.

The island of Sardinia is positioned west of the Italian Peninsula within the Mediterranean Sea. It’s stated to be the house of the longest-lived males (1).

The Sardinia weight loss program is a variation of the Mediterranean diet — additionally referred to as Sardo-Mediterranean — that’s related to stopping persistent age-related ailments (9, 10).

The Mediterranean weight loss program is characterised by all kinds of vegetables and fruit, minimally processed complete grains and legumes, nuts and olive oil as most important fats sources, reasonable fish consumption, and low intakes of dairy, alcohol, and purple meat (9).

In distinction, the Sardinian variation contains increased intakes of olive oil, fish, milk and dairy merchandise, and alcoholic drinks (11, 12).

Among the meals folks eat and keep away from on the Sardinian weight loss program embody (11, 12):

Meals to eat

  • Greens: tomatoes, potatoes, candy potatoes, onions, cabbage, zucchini, and carrots
  • Fruits: oranges, apples, bananas, dates, figs, and peaches
  • Legumes: fava beans, lentils, and chickpeas
  • Grains: barley and wheat for his or her conventional flatbread and pasta
  • Dairy: goat’s and sheep’s milk, yogurt, and cheese
  • Fish and seafood: sea bass, anchovies, octopus, mussels, clams, and lobster
  • Fat: olive oil and nuts, akin to almonds and hazelnuts
  • Herbs and spices: parsley, fennel, mint, bay leaves, celery, and garlic
  • Alcohol: Cannonau red wine and myrtle liqueur

Meals to eat sometimes

  • Sure meats: beef, lamb, and pork
  • Sweets: honey, puff pastry, and candied orange peels

Meals to keep away from

  • Some meats and poultry: together with processed or cured meats
  • Processed meals: sugar-sweetened drinks, refined grains and oils, and ready-to-eat meals and snacks

If you wish to give a standard Sardinian recipe a attempt, you might make a home made model of the minestrone.


The Sardinia weight loss program follows a lot of the Mediterranean weight loss program’s consuming sample, with increased intakes of milk and dairy merchandise, olive oil, fish, and alcohol.

Ikaria is a small Greek island positioned within the Aegean Sea.

The Ikaria weight loss program can also be a variation of the Mediterranean weight loss program, with the next consumption of coffee, potatoes, and full-fat dairy merchandise (13, 14).

Nevertheless, it nonetheless emphasizes fruits, greens, olive oil, cereals, and legumes, whereas protecting a low consumption of meat merchandise and reasonable intakes of wine (14).

Meals to eat and keep away from within the Ikaria weight loss program embody (14):

Meals to eat

  • Greens: tomatoes, carrots, potatoes, broccoli, spinach, kale, and wild greens
  • Fruits: apricot, figs, plums, pomegranate, berries, kiwi, oranges, lemon, and watermelon
  • Legumes: beans, chickpeas, and lentils
  • Grains: complete grain cereals and bread
  • Dairy: goat’s milk, yogurt, and cheese
  • Fish and seafood: sardines, salmon, trout, and herring
  • Fat: olive oil and nuts, together with almonds and walnuts
  • Herbs and spices: mint, rosemary, sage, mugwort, garlic, thyme, basil, and oregano
  • Drinks: boiled Greek espresso and purple wine
  • Sweets: honey

Meals to eat sometimes

  • Some sorts of meat: beef, hen, goat, and pork

Meals to keep away from

  • Processed or cured meat: akin to ham or sausages
  • Processed meals: soda, sweet, immediate meals, and snack bars

Observe this recipe to present a standard blended greens pie a attempt.


The Ikaria weight loss program is one other variation of the Mediterranean weight loss program with the next consumption of espresso, potatoes, and full-fat dairy merchandise.

Nicoya is positioned within the Guanacaste province of Costa Rica. This particular area has a 20% decrease mortality charge than the remainder of the nation (11, 15).

In contrast with the diets talked about above, the Nicoya weight loss program has the next animal-based protein content material and a decrease consumption of wholesome fat.

Nevertheless, additionally it is characterised by excessive intakes of fiber and low GI meals — which additionally means a decrease consumption of processed and refined meals (15).

The Nicoya weight loss program is ample in plain, conventional meals, akin to rice, beans, corn, hen, and eggs. Individuals additionally eat costlier meals, akin to aged cheese and olive oil, however extra not often (15).

Listed here are among the meals Nicoyans eat most and least (11, 15):

Meals to eat

  • Greens: plantain, yucca, squash, pejibaye, bell peppers, onions, cabbage, tomatoes, and cucumbers
  • Fruits: tropical fruits, akin to papaya, banana, mango, and pineapple
  • Legumes: black beans and lentils
  • Grains: rice, corn, and complete grain bread
  • Dairy: delicate and onerous cheeses
  • Poultry: hen and eggs
  • Fat: butter, avocado, canola, and sunflower oil
  • Drinks: recent fruit juice, espresso, and guaro — a standard alcoholic beverage

Meals to eat sometimes

  • Some recent meats: beef and pork
  • Sweets: pastries, desk sugar, cookies, and desserts

Meals to keep away from

  • Processed and cured meats
  • Dairy: cow’s milk
  • Processed meals: refined grains, sodas, and frozen meals

If you happen to’d wish to style a standard Nicoyan dish, do that gallo pinto recipe — a mixture of white rice and black beans eaten as a breakfast staple, typically with eggs on the facet.


The Nicoya weight loss program differs from the remainder of the Blue Zone diets in that it has the next consumption of animal-based proteins and a decrease consumption of wholesome fat. Nonetheless, it’s excessive in fiber and low GI meals.

The Seventh-day Adventist Diet refers back to the consuming sample of the Adventist non secular neighborhood positioned in Loma Linda, California.

Individuals on this neighborhood comply with a principally vegan weight loss program derived from the Bible. It’s based mostly on nuts, legumes, and leafy greens. The Seventh-day Adventist weight loss program is the one Blue Zone weight loss program that’s largely plant based mostly (1).

Analysis means that vegan diets could decrease the danger of persistent ailments, akin to sort 2 diabetes and coronary heart illness. This can be one key to the neighborhood’s elevated longevity (16, 17, 18).

Regardless of being principally vegan, this weight loss program divides meats into “clear” and “unclean” classes, based on the Bible. Adventists could select to eat among the “clear” choices (19).

Right here’s an inventory of meals to eat and keep away from whereas following the Seventh-day Adventist weight loss program (19, 20):

Meals to eat

  • Greens: tomatoes, leafy greens, broccoli, parsnips, carrots, and onions
  • Fruits: apples, pears, bananas, peaches, oranges, and mango
  • Legumes: beans and lentils
  • Grains: oats, complete grain bread, quinoa, corn, rice, and amaranth
  • Plant-based protein: soy and soy merchandise, like tofu, tempeh, and edamame
  • Fat: olive oil and nuts, akin to cashews and almonds

Meals to eat sometimes

  • Some meats: salmon, hen, eggs, and beef
  • Dairy: low fats milk and milk merchandise

Meals to keep away from

  • Sure meats: together with pork and shellfish
  • Dairy: full-fat milk merchandise
  • Drinks: alcoholic and caffeinated drinks
  • Sure flavorings: scorching condiments and spices
  • Processed meals: sweets and different extremely refined meals, akin to frozen, prepackaged, and quick meals

To attempt a vegan model of an American staple, comply with this vegan mac and cheese recipe.


The Seventh-day Adventist weight loss program is a principally vegan weight loss program impressed by the Bible. It divides meats into “clear” and “unclean” classes, and Adventists could select among the many choices within the “clear” record.

Blue Zones are areas of the world the place the next proportion of individuals stay greater than 100 years.

There are presently 5 identified Blue Zones. Their inhabitants’ longevity is partly attributed to their diets, together with different elements, akin to train and social setting.

Whereas most Blue Zone diets are primarily plant-based, one (the Nicoya weight loss program) depends on animal-based meals as the primary protein supply.

Nonetheless, all of them share different traits, akin to excessive intakes of fruits, greens, and low GI meals.

Source link

Previous articleBreakfast 101: Tips To Kickstart Your Healthy Mornings
Next articleThis Easy Air Fryer Salmon Is The Perfect Weeknight Dinner


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here